TVET Glossary of Terms

This glossary of terms intends to provide the TESDA key players, partners, and stakeholders an online and updated TVET information, concepts, to bring common understanding and clarification on the use of TESDA terminologies.

TYPOLOGY it is a systematic classification of thing according to general types. It is a matter of classifying people of things by certain commodities or differences.
Source: TESDA Circular No. 090 s. 2018
UNDEREMPLOYED includes all employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job or an additional job, or to have a new job with longer working hours.
Source: (PSA)

includes all those who, during the reference, period are 15 years old and over as of their last birthday, are:

a.     without work, or had no job/business during the basic survey reference period;

b.    seeking work, i.e., had taken specific steps to look for a job or establish a business during the basic survey reference period; or not seeking work due to the following reasons:  

  • believe no work available;
  • awaiting the results of previous job application; 
  •  temporary illness/disability;
  • bad weather; and
  • waiting for rehire job/recall

c.     currently available for work, i.e., were available and willing to take up work in paid employment or self-employment during the basic reference period, and/or would be available and willing to take up work in paid employment or self-employment within two weeks after the interview date.

Source: (ILO)
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE the number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labor force in the same group.
Source: (Wahba 2013)


a.     Program Registration (Compulsory) – is compulsory compliance with minimum requirements prescribed in the Training Regulations (TRs) and anchored on the competency-based system; Program registration prescribes full compliance with prevailing training standards, correction of sub-standard ones and denial of registration for those who fail to comply. An integral part of program registration is the monitoring of registered programs for continuous compliance with standards.

b.    Program Accreditation – is a voluntary process of demonstrating quality assurance to programs and institutional processes that shall lead to the recognition and conferment awards at various levels for exemplary performance. The four (4) levels are Bronze Award (Commitment Level), Silver Award (Proficiency Level), Gold Award (Mastery Level) and Platinum Award (International Center for Program Excellence)

Source: (TESDA Compendium of Programs Registered under UTPRAS, Vol. V)
UNIT OF COMPETENCY a component of the competency standard stating a specific key function or role in a particular job or occupation serving as a basis for training an individual to gain specific knowledge, skills, and attitude needed to satisfy the special demands or requirements of a particular situation.
Source: (Training Regulations Framework)
USER-LED OR MARKET-DRIVEN STRATEGY a strategy that promotes strengthened linkages between educational/training institutions and industry to ensure that appropriate skills and knowledge are provided by the educational center.
Source: (RA 7796/TESDA Act of 1994)
VALIDATION involves reviewing, comparing and evaluating assessment processes, marking criteria, evidence requirements, performance standards, tools, supplies, materials, and equipment contributing to judgments to be made by a range of assessors against the same standards.
Source: (TESDA-OP-QSO-02 dated 01 March 2017)
VALIDATORS are technical experts who represent their respective sectors for the qualification being validated. The validators are not involved in the development of TRs and CATs.
Source: (TESDA-OP-QSO-01 dated 01 March 2017, TESDA-OP-QSO-02 dated 01 March 2017)

describes the full range of activities that firms and workers around the globe perform to bring a product from conception to production and end use. It examines the labor inputs, technologies, standards, regulations, products, processes, and markets in specific industries and international locations, thus providing a holistic view of industries both from the top down and the bottom up. By breaking down the industry into its key segments, it helps countries to identify the specific activities in the chain that their firms currently perform, as well as potential opportunities for these firms in the future.

Source: (Gereffi & Fernandez-Stark, 2011).

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